Symptoms & Treatments for Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)

What is ARMD?

Age-Related Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over age 55. In its early stages, macular degeneration may not have symptoms but could be detected in a routine dilated eye exam. Early detection of age-related macular degeneration is very important because there are treatments that can delay or reduce the severity of the disease. There is currently no cure for macular degeneration.

Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

In its early stages, macular degeneration may not have symptoms. The first sign is usually distortion of straight lines. This may progress to a gradual loss of central vision.
Symptoms of macular degeneration include:

  • Straight lines start to appear distorted
  • Dark, blurry areas or white out appears in the center of vision
  • Diminished or changed color perception
  • Difficulty with dark adaptation after light exposure


There are treatments that may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression of the disease considerably. Several options are available, including Vitamins, Anti-angiogenesis drugs, other medications and laser therapies that can be helpful in certain types of the disease. Having a thorough examination and discussion with your doctor will help in deciding on the best course of action.